Defensive driving is a term used to describe driving techniques designed to reduce the risk of collision by anticipating dangerous situations, despite adverse conditions or the mistakes of others. Defensive driving includes a variety of general guidelines that focus on being aware of the driving conditions around you and the actions of others.
Defensive driving practices include:
Controlling your speed
Looking ahead and expecting the unexpected
Being alert and distraction-free
Preparedness for all sorts of actions and reactions of other drivers and pedestrians
Not expecting the other drivers to do what you would ordinarily do